NASA News, NASA Videos, NASA Missions, NASA Programs, NASA History, NASA Search & Books ( Science - Tech - Aerospace - Space )  

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Space Videos, YouTube & Live Streaming Video     ▼ LOAD LIVE TV's Vimeo channel features documentary, educational & training
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  Finding NASA Websites

NASA Missions is an overview NASA projects.

NASA Sites lists NASA's space centers & major websites.

• For specific NASA domain & subdomain links & search, use the QuickSciTech NASA Search & Links page.

• Try the JPL Site Directory to find websites for planetary & other projects run by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

• Also try the JPL search form at Planet News.

  NASA Space Exploration Images

The JSC Digital Image Collection is a searchable archive of more than 9000 NASA manned space program press release photos from the Mercury program to the STS-79 Shuttle mission. See also the JSC Human Spaceflight Gallery, which has Shuttle and Space Station images since STS-82, and the KSC Shuttle Photo and Video Archive.

Earth From Space provides a searchable selection of the best photos of the world from orbit.

The Gateway to Astronaut Photography lets you search by location for photos of the Earth taken by astronauts.

  Space Photo Search

GReat Images in Nasa (GRIN) "contains many, but not all of the most popular images from NASA’s history. It also contains important historical images that you may not have seen before". GRIN images are available in 4 resolutions, from about 80 pixels to about 2700 pixels wide. You can browse GRIN by Subject or Center.

find images of:

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  NASA News & Information

The Encyclopedia Astronautica is a comprehensive space reference, listing spacecraft, launch vehicles, engines, astronauts, flights, and more, with stats and photos.

NASA Watch offers NASA news, press releases, and status reports.

NASA Acronyms lists most acronyms you find in NASA publications.

  NASA History, Space Exploration History

The NASA History Office has countless pages of history information and images to view, accessible from this subject listing page, or keyword searchable.

  Project Apollo is a very nice independent reference to the Apollo spacecraft and Saturn launch vehicles that took men to the moon.

The Apollo Program from the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum, is an online exhibit covering the entire Apollo lunar landing program.

The Project Apollo Archive has a large archive of nice Apollo photos.

• The Apollo Lunar Surface Journal covers all lunar landing missions, with links to most of the best materials available, including photos and .pdf files. Apollo Mission Traverse Maps from the USGS show the EVA paths from Apollo 11, 12, 14, and 15.

• The Virtual Apollo Guidance Computer Document Library includes links to downloadable .pdfs of original Apollo flight plans, Gemini and Apollo Familiarization Manuals, Crew Debriefings, and many other interesting documents.

S/CAT Remembered is a site about the Grumman factory and team that built the Apollo Lunar Modules, including photos of LM construction.

A Field Guide to American Spacecraft shows the current locations (or states the final disposition) of most US spacecraft, including Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo spacecraft, boilerplates, trainers, Lunar Modules, etc., plus X-15s and more. For example, the Lunar Module built for cancelled Apollo 18 is at the Cradle of Aviation Museum, Mitchell Field, Long Island, NY, and the LM for cancelled Apollo 20 was scrapped (how dumb can they be?). But whatever happened to the LM for cancelled Apollo 19 is unknown.

My Little Space Museum has good photos of and info about Apollo lunar spacesuits, the cancelled Soviet manned moon landing program, and more.
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  NASA Search

    NASA Search allows you to search almost 2 million documents on ALL National Aeronautics and Space Administration websites with one entry.

Enter words or phrases, and try to be specific (you will get many results).

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  Searching NASA with Google

    NASA has over 20 million web pages and other online files, spread across hundreds of subdomains (plus pages at domains). This makes finding things difficult. NASA changes their URLs and search forms far too often without link redirects.
    Making things worse, NASA has created new unified homesites for their Centers. Thus Google shows 11,600 results at "". But Google still reports 369,000 results at "".

find all of the words
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searching in: OR

set above on the entire Internet and
search the site or domain
e.g.,, .org, etc.

return results OR

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  The Mission Transcript Collection in .pdf format

The Mission Transcript Collection
"The Mission Transcript Collection: US Human Spaceflight Missions from Mercury Redstone 3 to Apollo 17", is the online access to CD-ROMs (no longer available) containing full transcripts (in .pdf format) from every manned space flight from the first Mercury mission to the final Apollo mission. This is almost 45,000 pages of presumably uncensored text, from both air to ground transmissions and onboard voice recorders. The original URL for this material went dead a couple years ago, but is now online at a new address.

  NASA Books (NASA Special Publications) & NASA Articles Online

Some of the books below are Adobe .pdf files, which are nice for reading materials offline. If you would like to read NASA's .html online books, like most of those below, when you are offline, you can "harvest" the pages and images for free using HTTrack, a very useful freeware website capture and offline browsing tool. HTTrack also works well with groups of .pdf files linked to from a page or directory.

NASA Aerospace Science & Technology Dictionary

Rocketplane Books

Toward Mach 2: The Douglas D-558 Program 173-page, 20.51 MB .pdf file

Hypersonics Before the Shuttle:
    A Concise History of the X-15 Research Airplane

is a 130 page .pdf file.

X-15 Research Results, SP-60 (1964),
summarizes 119 X-15 flights from 1958 to 1964. The three X-15s flew to over 300,000 feet, and exceeded Mach 6, while exceeding Mach 5 on fifty flights.

Transiting from Air to Space: The North American X-15
is a chapter from The Hypersonic Revolution (1998)

Proceedings of the X-15 First Flight 30th Anniversary Celebration
    CP-3105 (1991)

The X-15 Program in Retrospect lecture by John V. Becker (1968)

Project Mercury Books

Project Mercury: A Chronology SP-4001

This New Ocean: A History of Project Mercury SP-4201 (1963)

Results of the Second U.S. Manned Orbital Flight, May 24, 1962 SP-6
Results of the Third U.S. Manned Orbital Flight, October 3, 1962 SP-12
Mercury Project Summary & Results of the Fourth Manned Orbital Flight
    SP-45 (1963)

Project Gemini Books

Project Gemini Technology and Operations: A Chronology SP-4002 (1968)

On The Shoulders of Titans: A History of Project Gemini SP-4203 (1977)

Project Gemini Familiarization Manual:
    Volume 1 (except Section VIII), "Long Range and Modified Configurations"
    Volume 1, Section VIII, "Guidance and Control Systems"
    Volume 2 (except Section VIII), "Rendezvous and Docking Configurations"
    Volume 2, Section VIII, "Guidance and Control Sytsems"

Project Apollo Books

Apollo By The Numbers: A Statistical Reference SP-4029 (2001)

Moonport: A History of Apollo Launch Facilities and Operations
    SP-4204 (1978)

Stages to Saturn: A Technological History of the Apollo/Saturn Launch Vehicles, SP-4206 (1996), describes the development of the Saturn I, IB, and V launch vehicles that carried the Apollo spacecraft.

The Apollo Spacecraft: A Chronology, SP-4009 (1975), dates every step in the design, development, construction, and use of the Apollo lunar spacecraft, from ideas in 1923 to the final lunar landing in 1974.

Chariots for Apollo: A History of Manned Lunar Spacecraft, SP-4205 (1979), describes the development of the Apollo Command, Service, and Lunar Modules from 1957 to July, 1969.

LM-5 Structures is a 61-page .pdf with drawings and descriptions of the structures of the Lunar Module, specifically detailing the Eagle LM used in the Apollo 11 lunar landing.

Lunar Roving Vehicle is a 14-page .pdf with drawings and descriptions of the Lunar Rover used during the Apollo 17 lunar explorations.

Apollo Expeditions to the Moon SP-350 (1975)

Where No Man Has Gone Before: A History of Apollo Lunar Exploration
    SP-4214 (1989)

LPI Apollo Image Atlas
    almost 25,000 lunar images, + earth, astronauts & hardware

Apollo Over the Moon: A View from Orbit SP-362 (1978)

"Before This Decade is Out...":
    Personal Reflections on the Apollo Program
SP-4223 (1999)

What Made Apollo a Success? SP-287 (1970)

Key Apollo Source Documents page links to 11 .pdf files

Enchanted Rendezvous:
    John C. Houbolt and the Genesis of the Lunar Orbit Rendezvous Concept
    Monograph 4 (1995), is a 78-page, 1.84 MB .pdf file.

Project Apollo: The Tough Decisions,
    Monograph 37, SP-4537 (2005),
is a 174-page, 2 MB .pdf file.

JSC Apollo Program Summary Report, JSC-09423 (1975),
    page linking to 10 .pdf sections of the full report, 4-6 MB each

An Annotated Bibliography of the Apollo Program Monograph 2 (1994)

MSFC-MAN-507, Saturn V Flight Manual, SA-507

CSM 104, Command and Service Module Systems Handbook

Apollo Operations Handbook, Block II: Spacecraft

LMA790-3-LM, Apollo Operations Handbook, Lunar Module:
    Subsystems Data - Operational Procedures

Apollo 8 Flight Plan: Sections 1 and 2 - sections 3 through 5
Apollo 9 Flight Plan
Apollo 11 Flight Plan
Apollo 12 Flight Plan
Apollo 15 Flight Plan
Apollo 16 Flight Plan
Apollo 17 Flight Plan

Apollo 8 Technical Crew Debriefing: Volume 1 - Volume 2
Apollo 11 Technical Crew Debriefing: Volume 1 - Volume 2
Apollo 15 Technical Crew Debriefing
Apollo 17 Technical Crew Debriefing

LMA790-1, Lunar Excursion Module Familiarization Manual
LMA790-2, Lunar Module LM-10 Through LM-14
    Vehicle Familiarization Manual

Skylab Books

Skylab: A Chronology SP-4011 (1977)

Skylab: Our First Space Station SP-400 (1977)

Skylab: A Guidebook EP-107

Living and Working in Space: A History of Skylab SP-4208 (1978)

Skylab: Classroom in Space SP-401 (1977)

Skylab's Astronomy and Space Sciences SP-404 (1979)

A New Sun: The Solar Results from Skylab SP-402 (1979)

MSFC-MAN-206, Skylab Saturn IB Flight Manual.

CSM 116-119, Skylab Command Service Module Systems Handbook

Apollo-Soyuz Test Project Books

The Partnership: A History of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project SP-4209 (1978)

Space Shuttle Books

Shuttle Crew Operations Manual: Section 2: Systems
    676 pages (of the full 1,176 page manual), 20 MB .pdf,
    also available in separate chapters

Shuttle Operational Data Book page links to 54 .pdf files
    of engineering drawings detailing the Shuttle Orbiter structure.

Shuttle Payload Bay User's Guide is a 3.5MB, 255-page .pdf.

Space Shuttle Avionics System SP-504 (1989) from

Space Shuttle Reference Manual

Upgrading the Space Shuttle is the full text of a 1999 report
from the National Research Council Committee on Space Shuttle Upgrades.

Toward a History of the Space Shuttle: An Annotated Bibliography is a very complete list of categorized and annotated Space Shuttle history text references. Many books and periodicals are listed, there are no web links.

The Space Shuttle Decision:
    NASA's Search for a Reusable Space Vehicle
SP-4221 (1999)

Space Shuttle SP-407 (1976)

The Space Shuttle At Work SP-432 (1979)

STS-51L Challenger Rogers Commission Report (1986)

Personal Observations on the Reliability of the Shuttle is the full text of Richard Feynman's addendum to the Challenger Commission report on the catastrophic loss of a Shuttle and seven lives on January 28, 1986.

Columbia Accident Investigation Board Report,
    .pdf: low-res 10MB - 28MB - 175MB hi-res

International Space Station Books (ISS Books)

Together in Orbit:
    The Origins of International Participation in the Space Station
    Monograph 11, is a 56-page .pdf file.

ISS Phase I: Shuttle-Mir Program Joint Report, SP-6108 (1999),
    is a 324-page, 4.64 MB .pdf file.

EVA: Extra-Vehicular Activity

Walking to Olympus: An EVA Chronology is a 156-page, 3.42 MB .pdf file.

Future Manned Projects

Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century
    symposium papers (1984)

Humans to Mars: Fifty Years of Mission Planning, 1950-2000

Space Transportation Architecture Study Results
    page links to 4 .pdf files & 3 slide shows.

Space Medicine Books, Space Biology Books, & Related Subjects

Space Medicine In Project Mercury SP-4003 (1965)

Biomedical Results of Apollo SP-368 (1975)

Biomedical Results from Skylab (1975)

The Human Factor:
    Biomedicine in the Manned Space Program to 1980
SP-4213 (1985)

History of Research in Space Biology and Biodynamics
    at the USAF Missile Development Center,
    Holloman AFB, New Mexico 1946-1958

Living Aloft: Human Requirements for Extended Spaceflight SP-483 (1985)

Aerospace Food Technology SP-202 (1969)

Books on Satellites, Lunar Probes,
    Interplanetary Probes, & Related Subjects

Exploring Space With a Camera SP-168 (1968)

Vanguard: A History SP-4202 (1970)

Beyond The Ionosphere: Fifty Years of Satellite Communication
    SP-4217 (1997)

  Low Cost Innovation in Spaceflight:
    The History of the Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) Mission
    Monograph 36, SP-4536 (2005), is an 86-page, 3.33 MB .pdf file.

Lunar Impact: A History of Project Ranger SP-4210 (1977)

LPI Ranger Photographs of the Moon
    text & images from SP-61, SP-62, SP-63, SP-111, & SP-112, (1964-66)
    two 4.6 MB .pdf files & many jpegs

LPI Lunar Map Catalog

LPI Consolidated Lunar Atlas

Destination Moon: A History of the Lunar Orbiter Program TM-3487 (1977)

LPI Lunar Orbiter Photographic Atlas of the Moon 675 photos + annotations

The Planetary Quarantine Program SP-4902 (1974)

On Mars: Exploration of the Red Planet 1958-1978 SP-4212 (1984)

The Martian Landscape SP-425 (1978)

Viking Orbiter Views of Mars SP-441 (1980)

The Voyage of Mariner 10: Mission to Venus and Mercury SP-424 (1978)
Atlas of Mercury, SP-423 (1978), from Mariner 10 images

Magellan: The Unveiling of Venus JPL 400-345 (1989)

Far Travelers: The Exploring Machines SP-480 (1985)

Pioneer Odyssey, SP-349/396 (1977), about the Pioneer 10 Jupiter flyby

Voyager 1 and 2 Atlas of Six Saturnian Satellites SP-474 (1984)

Uplink-Downlink: A History of the Deep Space Network, 1957-1997
    SP-4227 (2001) To read Uplink-Downlink offline, go to the SP-4227 directory
    and use HTTrack to download.

Deep Space Communications and Navigation Series
    page linking to 6 .pdf tech books

General Space Exploration History Articles & Documents

Exploring the Unknown:
Selected Documents in the History of the US Civil Space Program
    SP-4407, is in 6 volumes. Only Volumes 3-6 are available online, and
    Volume 5 can only be downloaded in bits (almost 100 separate .pdf files).
    Volume III: Using Space is a 626-page, 2.81 MB .pdf file.
    Volume IV: Accessing Space is a 712-page, 4.01 MB .pdf file.
    Volume V: Exploring the Cosmos can be read online at this URL.
    To read v5 offline, go to the vol5 directory and use HTTrack to download.
    Volume VI: Space and Earth Science is a 780-page, 6.19 MB .pdf file.

Space Technology History Books

The Problem of Space Travel: The Rocket Motor,
SP-4026, is a translation of a book published in German in 1929

Liquid Hydrogen as a Propulsion Fuel, 1945-1959 SP-4404 (1978)

Computers in Spaceflight: The NASA Experience NASW-3714 (1988)

NASA's Nuclear Frontier:
The Plum Brook Reactor Facility
, SP-4533 (2004), is a 6.89 MB .pdf file

The Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF):
    Mission 1 Experiments
SP-473 (1984)

Space Science Books & Related Subjects

From Engineering Science to Big Science:
The NACA and NASA Collier Trophy Research Project Winners

    SP-4219 (1998)

Beyond the Atmosphere: Early Years of Space Science SP-4211 (1980)

First Among Equals:
    The Selection of NASA Space Science Experiments
SP-4215 (1991)

Science in Orbit:
    The Shuttle & Spacelab Experience: 1981-1986
NP-119 (1988)

The Case of Ozone Depletion,
    Monograph 38, SP-4538 (2005), is a 74-page, 2.15 MB .pdf file

The Impact of Science on Society
    by James Burke, Jules Bergman, & Isaac Asimov, SP-482 (1985),
    is a 98-page, 4.79 MB .pdf file

Astronomy Books, Planetary Geology Books, & Related Subjects

Handbook of Space Astronomy and Astrophysics Zombeck, Cambridge (1990)

The Foundations of Celestial Mechanics Collins (2004) 11 .pdf files

The Fundamentals of Stellar Astrophysics Collins (2003) 18 .pdf files

Images of the solar upper atmosphere from SUMER on SOHO
    Battrick (2003) 12 .pdf files

Evolution of the Solar System SP-345 (1976)

Chondrules and their Origins papers (1983)

Origin of the Moon conference papers (1984)

Basaltic Volcanism on the Terrestrial Planets (1981)

Planetary Geology in the 1980s SP-467 (1985)

The Star Splitters: The High Energy Astronomy Observatories SP-466 (1984)

Next Generation Space Telescope Engineering Monographs
    page links to 8 .pdf files

Project Orion:
    A Design Study of a System for Detecting Extrasolar Planets

    SP-436 (1980)

Life in the Universe CP-2156 (1981)

The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence SP-419 (1977)

Fundamental Numerical Methods and Data Analysis Collins (2003) 10 .pdf files

The Virial Theorem in Stellar Astrophysics Collins (1978) 6 .pdf files

De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium
    (in Latin) Nicolaus Copernicus (1543) 7 .pdf files

AstronomiŠ InstauratŠ Mechanica (in Latin) Tycho Brahe (1602) 35 .pdf files

Annals of the Astronomical Observatory of Harvard College, Volume VIII

Annals of the Astrophysical Observatory
    of the Smithsonian Institution Volume I

Core List of Astronomy Books Bryson (2003)

Core List of Astronomy and Physics Journals Bryson (2003)

Aviation Books & Related Subjects

Introduction to the Aerodynamics of Flight SP-367 (1975)

Quest for Performance: The Evolution of Modern Aircraft SP-468 (1985)

Flight Research at Ames, 1940-1997 SP-3300 (1998)

Airborne Trailblazer:
    Two Decades With NASA Langley's 737 Flying Laboratory

Wind Tunnels of NASA SP-440 (1981)

Model Research: Volumes 1 & 2 SP-4103 (1985)

The High Speed Frontier:
    Case Histories of Four NACA Programs, 1920-1950
SP-445 (1980)

Computers Take Flight:
    A History of NASA's Pioneering Digital Fly-by-Wire Project

    197-page .pdf file.

American X-Vehicles: An Inventory, X-1 to X-50,
    Monograph 31, SP-4531 (2003), is a 1.09 MB, 65-page .pdf file.

The History of the XV-15 Tilt Rotor Research Aircraft,
    Monograph 17, is a 2.42 MB, 222-page .pdf file.

Touchdown: The Development of Propulsion Controlled Aircraft at Dryden,
    Monograph 16 (1999), is a 1.28 MB, 62-page .pdf file.

NASA History Books

Research in NASA History:
    A Guide to the NASA History Program
74-page, 1 MB .pdf

Orders of Magnitude
    A History of the NACA and NASA, 1915-1990
SP-4406 (1989)

NASA's Origins and the Dawn of the Space Age Monograph 10 (1998)

Legislative Origins
    of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958

    Monograph 8 (1998), 71-page .pdf file

Space Handbook: Astronautics and its Applications House Doc. # 86 (1959)

NASA Historical Data Books, Volumes 3-6 SP-4012 (1988)

NASA Sounding Rockets, 1958-1968: A Historical Summary SP-4401 (1971)

Origins of NASA Names SP-4402 (1976)

Suddenly Tomorrow Came...
    A History of the Johnson Space Center
SP-4307 (1993), 20 .pdf files

Power to Explore:
    A History of the Marshall Space Flight Center
SP-4313 (1999), 27 .pdf files

NASA Engineers and the Age of Apollo SP-4104 (1992)

Engineer In Charge:
    A History of the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, 1917-1958
SP-4305 (1987)
Spaceflight Revolution:
    NASA Langley Research Center From Sputnik to Apollo
SP-4308 (1995)

Adventures in Research:
    A History of Ames Research Center 1940-1965
SP-4302 (1970)
Searching the Horizon:
    A History of Ames Research Center 1940-1976
SP-4304 (1985)
Atmosphere of Freedom:
    Sixty Years at the NASA Ames Research Center
SP-4314 (2000)

Engines and Innovation:
    Lewis Laboratory and American Propulsion Technology
SP-4306 (1991)

The Spoken Word:
    Recollections of Dryden History, The Early Years
    SP-4530 (2003), is a 142-page, 4.17 MB .pdf file

NASA Management Books

Unmanned Space Project Management: Surveyor and Lunar Orbiter SP-4901

Managing NASA in the Apollo Era SP-4102 (1982)

NASA Online Book Resources

NASA Library: NASA Documents Online is no longer being updated
NASA History Series Publications does not link to all available online versions
NASA History Divison New Publications List